-The Justice Nanavati Commission of Inquiry report on the Anti-Sikh riots, 1984 available on the Ministry of Home Affairs website can be accessed here in PDF format:

Nanavati Commission 1984 Anti-Sikh riots vol 1

Nanavati Commission 1984 Anti-Sikh riots vol 2-annexures

-The Justice Ranganath Misra Commission of Inquiry report on the Anti-Sikh riots, 1984 (without annexures) available on witness84.com can be accessed here in PDF format:

Ranganath Misra- 1984 Anti-Sikh riots

‘Who are the guilty?’ A report of the joint inquiry into the causes and impact of the riots in Delhi from 31 October to 10 November 1984 prepared by PUCL and PUDR can be accessed here in PDF format:

PUCL, PUDR_Anti-Sikh-riots_1984

Report on the Delhi riots, 1984 prepared by the Citizens’ Commission headed by former Chief Justice of India, S.M. Sikri is available on the Carnage89 website and can be accessed here in PDF format:

Citizens’ Commission (SM Sikri) report 1984 Anti-Sikh riots

‘Truth About violence in Delhi’, a report by Citizens for Democracy has been made available here:

Truth about violence in Delhi’- A report by Citizens for Democracy

’20 Years of Impunity- The November 1984 Pogroms of Sikhs in Delhi’, a report prepared by Ensaaf (2006) and available on their website can be accessed here as a PDF:

’20 years of Impunity’- A report by Ensaaf

To trace the series of posts on Reports on the Delhi riots, 1984 refer to our previous post.

The reports by three committees set-up under executive orders i.e. the Kusum Lata Mittal Committee report, Jain Aggarwal Committee report and the Ahooja Committee report have been made available by Carnage84 and can be accessed on their website.

The same can be accessed here in PDF format:

 Kusum Lata Mittal report 1984 Anti-Sikh riots

Jain Aggarwal report 1984 Anti-Sikh riots

Ahooja Committee report 1984 Anti-Sikh riots

For other reports available on the 1984 riots refer to our earlier post.

-The Justice Srikrishna Commission of Inquiry report on the Mumbai riots of 1992-93 can be accessed here in PDF format: Srikrishna Report- Bombay riots 1992-93

The report is as available on wonderfulmubai.com. Also find here, 1. Action Taken Report on the Srikrishna Commission Report;

2. Teesta Setalvad’s take on the Srikrishna Report;

3. Information on the 1992-93 Mumbai riots and the Srikrishna report-‘Where to, Bombay: A report of the riots in Bombay’ by the College of Social Work, Mumbai (March 10, 1993) has been made available here in PDF format: Where to, Bombay-A report of the riots by the College of Social Work

The PUCL report by Justice Rajindar Sachar (Retd), Shri Inder Kumar Gujral, Prof A M Khusro, Prof Dalip Swamy, and Prof K C Gupta on the Meerut riots, 1987 available here in PDF format:

PUCL Report- Maliana Meerut riots, 1987 by Justice Rajindar Sachar

The aftermath of the riots have been attempted to be reported by PUDR in ‘Forgotten Massacres: A Report on Aftermath of Meerut’ available here in PDF format:

PUDR_aftermath of meerut_Forgotten Massacres

Read more: Hashimpura massacre trial after 19 years– Failure of all organs of state by Iqbal A Ansari (from PUCL bulletin, October 2006). Excerpt:

“The trial of the accused personnel of the Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC) charged with the cold blooded murder of about forty Muslims of Hashimpura, Meerut on 22 May 1987 has taken more than 19 years to haltingly start in the Tees Hazari Court, Delhi on July 15 2006. It is not only a case of proverbial judicial delay, but crookedness of the course of law that deserves critical scrutiny to be able to understand how the system has given rise to a climate of impunity, especially in heinous hate crimes against vulnerable groups, which emboldens the criminals including those in official uniforms and causes frustration among victims, who lose hope in the system.

According to the order of 18 May 2006 by the Court of the Additional Sessions Judge, Delhi, N P Kaushik it is the prosecution’s case based on the inquiry report of the Crime Branch of the CID (CBCID), that curfew was clamped in Mohalla Hashimpura of Meerut city in the name of search for illegal arms and 644 persons (all Muslims) were randomly picked up from their homes and were arrested. Of these 644, forty two (mostly younger ones) were directly taken in a PAC truck to Upper Ganga Canal, Murad Nagar, where some were shot at and the bodies were thrown into the canal and the remaining were taken to Hindon river, where similar operation was done. Though all were taken as dead, a few survived. FIR was lodged on the basis of their statements on 22/23 May 1987.A few days later dead bodies were found floating in the canals — sending shock waves worldwide.

The ghastly incident had stirred the conscience of the nation, as the outrage it caused in the average citizen was more than that felt against terrorist violence, as the killers in this case were those who were supposed to be protectors. Nikhil Chakravarty compared the event with “Nazi pogrom against the Jews, to strike terror and nothing but terror in the whole minority community”. Mr Subramaniam Swamy, who went on fast unto death over the incident, characterized it as a clear case of genocide. Mr Chandra Shekhar made the observation that “the Hashimpura (Meerut) tragedy was the most shocking incident in my political life…”

Nirmal Mukarji observed that “the truth is that Hashimpura and Malliana affected the Muslim psyche as nothing else had since independence, for the community began to see itself as under attack by the state itself. The least that should have been done was to have promptly disbanded this particular unit of the PAC and to have cashiered its officers. But no action was taken. The outcome was that, far from being on the side of the angels, the UP police emerged as the devil itself.”

… “

Excerpt from the Sunderlal Committee report as available in the Frontline archive available here in PDF format:

sunderlal-hyderabad

Read more: ‘Declassify report on the 1948 Hyderabad massacre‘ by S.A. Aiyar, 25 November 2012. Excerpts:

“…the greatest communal slaughter occurred under neither Modi nor Rajiv but Nehru. His takeover of Hyderabad in 1948 caused maybe 50,000-200,000 deaths. The Sunderlal report on this massacre has been kept an official secret for over 60 years. While other princes acceded to either India or Pakistan in 1947, the Nizam of Hyderabad aimed to remain independent. This was complicated by a Marxist uprising. The Nizam’s Islamic militia, the Razakars, killed and raped many Hindus. This incensed Sardar Patel and Nehru, who ordered the Army into Hyderabad. The Army’s swift victory led to revenge killings and rapes by Hindus on an unprecedented scale.

Civil rights activist AG Noorani has cited Prof Cantwell Smith, a critic of Jinnah, in The Middle Eastern Journal, 1950. “The only careful report on what happened in this period was made a few months later by investigators – including a Congress Muslim and a sympathetic and admired Hindu (Professor Sunderlal)- commissioned by the Indian government. The report was submitted but has not been published; presumably it makes unpleasant reading. It is widely held that the figure mentioned therein for the number of Muslims massacred is 50,000.

(…)

Something is terribly wrong when Indian citizens are kept in dark about the biggest pogrom since Independence, even after foreign sources have lifted the lid. India’s jihadi press is fully aware of the 1948 massacre, and projects its censorship as evidence of Hindu oppression   . This is not how a liberal democracy should function. India cannot become a truly unified nation on the basis of suppressed reports and sanitized textbooks. The Sunderlal report must be made public. ”

Read more: Operation Polo: The Forgotten Massacre in Hyderabad from lawandotherthings.blogspot.com